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Famous Scientists - Click on their picture to find out more!


Kiara Nirghin
Michael Sulu
Sir David Attenborough
Jane Goodall
Adam Hart


Chi Onwurah
Clare Nasir
Mya-Rose Craig
Maggie Aderin-Pocock
Florence Nightingale
Katherine Johnson
Alexander Fleming



Science In The News This Month

Red Kangaroo Adult Male.
Kangaroos: Scientists name three new ancient species of kangaroo
Hands holding soil with earthworms in
Soil Sounds: Why scientists are listening to 'noisy' worms
stegosaurus fossil
Largest stegosaurus fossil ever found for sale


Computer-generated view of surface of the planet Venus dominated by the volcano Sapas Mons. Lava flows extend for hundreds of kilometres across the fractured plains shown in the foreground.
The volcanoes erupting on Venus right now
Drone picture of shark swimming in the sea
Why Young Great White Sharks May Prefer Shallow Waters
When did animals first glow in the dark ?


Dark spots on the surface of Mars
What are these 'spiders' on the surface of Mars?
Hummingbird with blue feathers and red beak.
Why hummingbirds don't bump into things
Robot dog training to walk on the Moon


Click the question mark below to ask your question! - Answers will appear here

Science FAQs: What Makes You Hiccup? Questions and Answers About the Human  Body by Thomas Canavan | Hachette UK

Science FAQs: Why Do Ice Cubes Float? Questions and Answers About the  Science of Everyday Materials by Thomas Canavan | Hachette UK

Science FAQs: Why Do Zebras Have Stripes? Questions and Answers About  Animals: Canavan, Thomas: 9781445122359: Books


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What would happen if gravity didn't exist on planet Earth?

Without gravity, we would be weightless. Everyone and everything would no longer be bound to the Earth, and we would become very fast-moving floating tumbleweed. This is because the world will continue to spin.

When is the next Science week? (Hare Class)

Next academic year. Be there or be square!

How does a lunar eclipse happen?

The Earth's orbit moves between the sun and the moon. The Earth blocks the sun's light from reaching the moon and causes a lunar eclipse.

How are fossils made?

After an animal dies, its skeleton is left behind. This becomes buried by small pieces of rock called sediment. As more layers of sediment build up on top, the sediment around the skeleton begins to compact and turn to rock. Leaving behind an impression called a fossil. There are also trace fossils such as footprints and coprolites.

What does a black hole and a white hole do?

Black holes gravity is so strong that it swallows everything around it, it is so strong that it even swallows light. There is a black hole in every galaxy. White holes do the opposite. They eject the matter or spit it out. However, no one has observed or found evidence of a white hole.

How do we know there is more than one universe?

The answer is no one knows if there is more than one universe. However, there are a number of ways other universes can exist. Scientists are still investigating this.

What is the Earth made out of?

The Earth is made up of four layers. Each layer is made up of different materials. The crust is made up of rock, the mantle is mainly made of magnesium and aluminium. The inner and outer core are made of nickel and iron.

Earth Layer Images – Browse 56,329 ...

Why is the sky blue?

When sunlight reaches the Earth's atmosphere it is scattered in all directions. Blue light is scattered more than other colours because it has a shorter wavelength, making it the colour we see the most.

What makes a rainbow?

Rainbows are created when light is scattered by water. This is called refraction. When light is refracted it splits into individual colours. The 7 colours of the rainbow.

Why can we see the moon during the day?

The moon is always there. When we see the moon, during the day or at night, it is because the surface of the moon is reflecting the sun's light into our eyes.

If we stretch our blood vessels out, how far will they go?

60,000 miles - Enough to circle the earth nearly three times. 

If dinosaurs were alive today, what do you think the world would look like? (Ash Class)

There are two answers. 

1. The population of the earth would be reduced. Humans probably wouldn't be able to live alongside dinosaurs as we would become prey. Plants and other animal populations would also reduce and dinosaurs would probably cause alot of damage to the land and infrastructure.

2.  Humans would try to contain or hunt dinosaurs. Bigger dinosaurs might be placed in protected reserves, such as elephants and bears are today. Whilst smaller dinosaurs may be considered as 'nuisance' animals and hunted by humans.

How do scientists know that it was an asteroid that wiped out dinosaurs? (Oak Class)

This is still a hypothesis. However, that is the most likely explanation for the extinction of dinosaurs. 

Scientists discovered a crater in Mexico caused by an asteroid impact. When scientists studied the rock and clay in the crater, they realised that it contained iridium (a chemical common in asteroids). After taking samples from the crater, they also realised that the rock particles were around the same age as the dinosaur extinction and the crater itself was the correct size, estimated to have caused a layer of ash to cover the Earth. Biologists have studied the impact this would have had on the Earth's ecosystem. The layer of ash would have impacted plant growth and this would have trailed up the food chain, causing the ecosystem to collapse eventually over a number of years.

How much does the Earth weigh?

13.1 septillion pounds - the same as 13 quadrillion Egyptian pyramids



Experiments you can do at home

Float A Paperclip In Water

What Do I Need?

  • Glass of water
  • Paperclip

How Do I Do It?

STEP1 - Just prove to yourself what you already know, if you drop a paperclip into a cup of water then it's sure to sink!

STEP2 - We need to lower the paperclip extremely gently onto the surface of the water. The simplest way to do this is to take another paperclip, extend it out, and then use it as a lever to lower the paperclip that you want to float. (Make sure to fill your glass of water near to the top as that will make things easier.)

Top Tip: It's always a good idea to wash your hands with water only - not with soap - before you get started. More on why you need to do this in a sec!

STEP3 - Sit back and relax and enjoy your floating paperclip! When you've finished doing that we'll have a look at what's going on!


What’s Going On?

You know that as paperclips are made out of metal they're more dense than water, that's why they normally sink. 

How come this one is floating? 

It all has to do with surface tension. It's actually the surface of the water that's holding the paperclip up! 

We'll prove this next!



Screeching Science Cup 

What Do I Need?

  • String
  • Plastic cup

How Do I Do It?

STEP1 - First of all make sure an adult helps you to make a small hole in the bottom of the cup. This can be done easily with a pair of compasses or more carefully with a pair of scissors.

STEP2 - Cut a 30cm length of string and tie several knots in the end of the string, so there's no way it will slip through the hole.

STEP3 - Time to get screeching! First make sure you really wet your hands and wet the string a little bit with some water. Then pinch the string between your fingers and pull smoothly down on it to make the screeching sound!


What’s Going On?

Every single sound you ever hear in your whole life is caused by a 'vibration'. When someone talks their throat vibrates. 

When you bang a drum, the skin of the drum vibrates and it's that vibration that causes the noise.

In this case the string is vibrating and the sound is being amplified by the cup. This is like the age old idea of making a 'telephone' out of plastic cups and string!





The Balancing Can

What Do I Need?

  • Just a can of fizzy drink

How Do I Do It?

STEP1 - Good news! The very first step is to open up your can and start drinking! Don't drink it all though...

STEP2 - Once you're down to about one third of your can remaining you'll be able to turn the can onto its side and balance it as shown.

STEP3 - It really looks as though it's going to fall but as long as you've left the right amount in, it'll balance!

STEP4 - Show your friends next time you're drinking a fizzy drink!


What’s Going On?

It all has to do with weight distribution. 

The can looks as though it'll fall over, as it's leaning to one side but it's only the bottom portion of the can that's full of water! 

The can is pivoting on the point that's touching the table and there's an equal amount of twisting it over and pulling it back. 

It only looks as though it'll fall as it overhangs more on the one side but there is very little weight in that part of the can (as it's empty!)

Crystal Canes

What Do I Need?

  • Borax
  • Pint of water
  • Pipe cleaner
  • Scissors
  • Stick
  • Sting

How Do I Do It?

STEP1 - To make sure our Crystal Canes don’t get stuck to the side of the glass the first step is to get an adult to help cut our pipe cleaner in half.

WARNING: Never drink Borax. Make sure you label and store it correctly and wash your hands after your finish experimenting!

STEP2 - Get an adult to help out with filling your pint glass with some very warm water.

STEP3 - Add a table spoon of borax at a time and stir it in. Keep going until you can’t dissolve anymore and there is a white layer at the bottom of the glass.

STEP4 - Tie a piece of string around your pipe cleaner cane and your stick.

STEP5 - Lower our pipe cleaner cane into you glass making sure it doesn’t touch the bottom or the sides.

STEP6 - Leave overnight for your Crystal Cane to form!

What’s Going On?

When you mix your borax with your warm water so that some remains undissolved you maximised the amount of borax that the water can hold. 

As the water begins to cool the amount of borax your water can ‘hold’ starts to come down. Your borax is ‘looking’ for somewhere to go. 

Your pipe cleaner cane is kind of rough and offers the perfect place for your borax to settle (as opposed to the smooth sides of your glass).

The Ultimate Paper Glider

What Do I Need?

  • A piece of A4 paper
  • Tape

How Do I Do It?

STEP1 - Start with your piece of paper in the landscape position and fold it so you can see two ​ pyramids.

STEP2 - Next, fold the long edge of your paper over about 1cm in from the edge.

STEP3 - Repeat this again for a second fold.

STEP4 - One more fold for luck!

STEP5 - Work you hand around your glider so that the two ends can connect together. Add a piece of tape at the ends in order to secure your glider in place.

STEP6 - To launch your Ultimate Paper Glider just throw it gently in just the same way that you would throw a javelin!

What’s Going On?

Our Ultimate Paper Glider is a little bit different to a ‘normal’ paper aeroplane as it doesn’t have wings as such. 

But it does work in the same kind of way as a regular paper aeroplane.

Gravity pulls the glider down and the whole thing acts as a wing and lifts the glider up. 

Because our glider produces very little air resistance and is nice and light it can cover some real distance with very little effort!


Animal Grass Heads

What Do I Need?

  • Tights
  • A needle and thread
  • Soil
  • Grass seeds
  • Water

How Do I Do It?

Step 1 - Draw the animal shape on tights with felt pen

Step 2 - Sew or stitch around the shapes. Ensure you leave one end open.

Step 3 - Cut the surrounding tights away from the shape.

Step 4 - Mix 1 cup of soil and 1 cup of grass seed.

Step 5 - Put the seed and soil mixture into the tights

Step 6 - Sew up the open end of the tights, or use a rubber band to seal the end.

Step 7 - Soak the animals in water and keep it moist (not wet).


What's Going On?

In less than three days, you’ll see the seeds start to germinate. The roots will come down first. Within 5- 6 days you’ll have a healthy head of grass hair on your animals and enough to start cutting your animal’s hair.